In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information, and facts for the advancement of knowledge. Reading a factual book of any sort is a kind of research. The internet or watching the news is also a type of research.
Science does not use this world in the same way, preferring to restrict it to certain narrowly defined areas. the word ‘review’ is more often used to describe the learning process which is one of the underlying tenets of the rigid structures defining scientific research.
The scientific definition,
The scientific definition of research generally states that a variable must be manipulated, although case studies and purely observational science do not always comply with this norm.
Concept of Research
Research is an often-misused term, its usage in an everyday language different from the strict scientific meaning, In the field of science, it is important to move away from the looser meaning and use it only in its proper context scientific research adheres to a set of strict protocols and long-established structures.
The term research is also used to describe an entire collection of information about the particular subject.
- Primary research
- Secondary research
Steps of the Scientific Research
- Setting a goal
(Research in all disciplines and subjects, not just science, must begin with a clearly defined goal. this usually, but not always, takes the form of a hypothesis .)
- Interpretation of the results
(Research does require some interpretation and extrapolation of results. In scientific research, there is always some kind of connection between data (information gathered ) and why the scientific think that the data look as it does. often the researcher looks at the data gathered, then comes to a conclusion of why the data looks like it does.)
- Replication and gradual accumulation
- Concluding Remark
the term, research is much stricter than in everyday life. it revolves around using the scientific method to generate hypotheses and provide analyzable results. all scientific research has a goal and ultimate aim, repeat and refined experiment gradually reaching an answer.